Meaning of Anjali Mudra

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Anjali Mudra is a large part of the culture and practice of yoga. In this blog, we will discuss the Anjali Mudra meaning and in so doing, we hope that you will walk away with knowledge of when, why, and how to use it.

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At Bodhi Surf + Yoga, one of our main endeavors is to provide holistic information on the practices that we have expertise on: yoga, surfing, and environmental impact reduction, to name a few. We do so in our online teachings, our surf and yoga camps and retreats, in our writings, and through our various social media profiles. There is so much more than what meets the eye in all of these activities. To become responsible practitioners of them means having in-depth information about them. For example, in yoga, the physical aspect (or asana practice as it’s called in Sanskrit) is just the tip of the iceberg of the whole practice of yoga.

Namaste mudra images: Anjali Mudra aka Prayer hands yoga

Prayer hands in yoga

What does Anjali Mudra mean?

The Anjali Mudra is the practice of meeting the hands together by the sternum in a “prayer position”. This hand gesture is used frequently during the practice of yoga. It is not only used at the opening and closing of yoga classes, but also during some of the other yoga asanas. Anjali is Sanskrit term which means, “to offer” or “to salutate”, and the term Mudra means “seal”. So basically, it  is the salutation seal and symbolizes that we are “honoring and celebrating this moment”.

It is important when we do our yoga practice to understand the reasons why we are doing what we are doing. That way, we can do it mindfully and with intention, so we are not just following a procedure. You may find that the Anjali Mudra salutation seal has many meanings.

An explanation from a yoga master

The explanation given by Krishnamacharya is my favorite:

“This gesture signifies the potential for an intention to progress to greatest spiritual awakening. When done properly the palms are not flat against each other; the knuckles at the base of the fingers are bent a little, creating space between the palms and fingers of the two hands resembling a flower yet to open, symbolizing the opening of our hearts.”

Once we truly understand the Anjali Mudra meaning we can embrace the reasons for it. This can help us ensure the position is based on humility rather than an ego expression, or to achieve perfection on a physical level.

Two women in yoga class doing prayer hands aka anjali mudra

Anjali Mudra in Yoga

When do you use Anjali Mudra?

Anjali Mudra is typically used to begin and end yoga classes, both to help ground, create, and seal in the deeper, personal intention of the day’s practice. We can apply it to many asanas instead of keeping our hands separate. It can serve as a reminder for us to keep an inner attitude of peace during our practice.

Here are a few of the asanas or physical postures where Anjali Mudra is commonly used:

  • During mountain pose (Tadasana)
  • Before Sun Salutations (Surya Namaskar A and B)
  • In balance postures like tree pose (Vrksasana)

In any place that a moment of grounding or centering is required, this prayer mudra can be used with intention for great benefit to the practitioner.

Yogini Pilar demonstrates Anjali Mudra

Demonstrating Anjali Mudra aka Salutation Seal in yoga

What are the Anjali Mudra benefits?

One definition of yoga is “yoke”, which means union. The union of the hands can symbolize many things. For example, unity of both sides of the brain and body. It is done with the hands in front of the heart, which promotes heart-openness. As you practice yoga, you will see that these are pinnacle concepts that repeat over and over.

Anjali Mudra is also known as Pranam Mudra, Namaste Mudra, or the prayer mudra. Most of the time, we perform it with our hands in the center of our heart chakra. This represents the balance and harmony between the right and left side reunited on our center. This balance can be not only physical but also mental and emotional. The idea is to bring us to the center to prepare ourselves for meditation and contemplation.

A grounding practice

As Anjali Mudra is literally a gesture of prayer, it can be used in that end. It is often accompanied by the word namaste which means “I bow to the divinity within you from the divinity within me.” It’s a moment and action to honor the divine: oneself, one’s intention, others, or something even greater — higher purpose.

It’s a moment to come back to yourself and your intention. It promotes balance; uniting the left and right hemispheres of your brain. It’s grounding. It’s calming.

As explained by Yoga International, this can be beneficial for so many realms of your life:

When the mind is calm, harmonious, and concentrated, you gain right understanding of yourself and others. Your comprehension expands, enabling you to see the world and your place in it in a light charged with appreciation for what you truly are. Your list of complaints begins to dwindle. You are no longer uncomfortable with others or with the circumstances of your life, and so you begin to bask in a positive and joyful atmosphere, both in your internal world and outside yourself.

Yoga class using meditation hand gesture

Using Anjali Mudra in yoga class

How can you do Anjali Mudra yourself?

In yoga, Anjali Mudra provides a moment of centering, which is why it is commonly done at the beginning or end of your physical practice. You can do Anjali Mudra yourself by adding it to your existing routine. Just taking a moment of intentionality at the beginning or end. Really utilize the moment to honor or connect with something great.

Another way to do Anjali Mudra is during the beginning or even throughout a meditation. Meditation is an excellent and immensely beneficial wellness practice that has wide benefits in reducing stress, promoting calmness, heightening focus, and transcending unhelpful mental patterns.

So to get started, sit down in a comfortable seated pose (Sukhasana). Place your hands together in front of your heart in Anjali Mudra. Close your eyes. Breathe in and out deeply through your nose, practicing Pranayama. Focus your mind and your attention to an intention. For example, it could be for any of the following reasons:

  • Slow down the fluctuations of your mind
  • Guide light and love towards someone in your life
  • Simply a moment to reconnect with yourself (your wants, needs, and feelings)

Anjali Mudra will simply help to seal in this moment of honoring, celebrating, and salutation.

Our online yoga classes will show you how to incorporate the yoga philosophy and its numerous benefits — physical, mental, and spiritual — into your life!


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About the author


Pilar is Bodhi Surf +Yoga's head yogini and travel planner. When Pilar is not doing her own yoga practice, she can be found assisting guests in improving theirs, reading food and yoga blogs, or spending quality time with her beautiful daughters Maya and Clea!

1 Comment

  1. Tree Pose Tips on July 10, 2019 at 7:00 pm

    […] right foot into the left thigh on the first side. Bring the hands to prayer hand position known as Anjali mudra and gaze steadily at one point on the wall. Stay in Tree pose for up to a […]

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